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The Dynamics of Cyber Conflict and Competition

The Dynamics of Cyber Conflict and Competition

In the introduction to our special issue on cyber competition, guest editors Robert Chesney and Max W. Smeets challenge the way in which cyber attacks and cyber competition are often studied and explain why they felt an "intervention" was needed.

Preparing the Cyber Battlefield: Assessing a Novel Escalation Risk in a Sino-American Crisis

Preparing the Cyber Battlefield: Assessing a Novel Escalation Risk in a Sino-American Crisis

Do cyber capabilities create novel risks of a future political crisis between the United States and China escalating into a conflict? This article outlines one potential pathway for interstate crises to escalate: the use of force in response to adversary…

The Escalation Inversion and Other Oddities of Situational Cyber Stability

The Escalation Inversion and Other Oddities of Situational Cyber Stability

As the United States shifts to a new military strategy of defending forward against adversaries in cyberspace, research into the role of cyber capabilities in crisis stability is especially relevant. This paper introduces the concept of situational cyber…

Fixing Democracy: The Election Security Crisis and Solutions for Mending It

Fixing Democracy: The Election Security Crisis and Solutions for Mending It

The 2000 presidential election debacle in Florida led to the widespread adoption of electronic voting machines in the United States. Yet these machines have proven to be more problematic than the punch card machines that precipitated Florida's crisis. Poorly…

From Reaction to Action: Adopting a Competitive Posture in Cyber Diplomacy

From Reaction to Action: Adopting a Competitive Posture in Cyber Diplomacy

Adversaries probe the United States and its allies daily in cyberspace. American cyber diplomacy has improved but still leaves the United States vulnerable to continuous, state-sponsored cyber aggression that is having strategic effects, even though that…

The Simulation of Scandal: Hack-and-Leak Operations, the Gulf States, and U.S. Politics

The Simulation of Scandal: Hack-and-Leak Operations, the Gulf States, and U.S. Politics

Four hack-and-leak operations in U.S. politics between 2016 and 2019, publicly attributed to the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Qatar, and Saudi Arabia, should be seen as the “simulation of scandal" — deliberate attempts to direct moral judgement against…