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America’s Alliances After Trump: Lessons from the Summer of ’69

America’s Alliances After Trump: Lessons from the Summer of ’69

Richard Nixon's 1969 Guam doctrine led America's allies in Asia to pursue a variety of strategies based on perceptions of America's reliability. If the Biden administration wants to strengthen the country's alliances moving forward, and avoid repeating Nixon's…

A U.S. Media Strategy for the 2020s: Lessons from the Cold War

A U.S. Media Strategy for the 2020s: Lessons from the Cold War

The incoming Biden administration has an opportunity to strengthen U.S. national security by revitalizing U.S. international broadcasting, both in terms of organizational structure and overall strategy. In order to do so, it should look to the Cold War history…

The U.S. Navy’s Loss of Command of the Seas to China and How to Regain It

The U.S. Navy’s Loss of Command of the Seas to China and How to Regain It

In 2005, a U.S. Navy plan was forwarded to Congress: It entailed reducing force structure and transforming to a capabilities-based forward force posture. However, the Navy continued to pursue unattainable force levels and, today, has lost command of the seas…

Fixing Democracy: The Election Security Crisis and Solutions for Mending It

Fixing Democracy: The Election Security Crisis and Solutions for Mending It

The 2000 presidential election debacle in Florida led to the widespread adoption of electronic voting machines in the United States. Yet these machines have proven to be more problematic than the punch card machines that precipitated Florida's crisis. Poorly…

From Reaction to Action: Adopting a Competitive Posture in Cyber Diplomacy

From Reaction to Action: Adopting a Competitive Posture in Cyber Diplomacy

Adversaries probe the United States and its allies daily in cyberspace. American cyber diplomacy has improved but still leaves the United States vulnerable to continuous, state-sponsored cyber aggression that is having strategic effects, even though that…

Wormhole Escalation in the New Nuclear Age

Wormhole Escalation in the New Nuclear Age

Increasingly capable and intrusive digital information technologies, advanced dual-use military capabilities, and diffused global power structures will reshape future crises and conflicts between nuclear-armed adversaries and challenge traditional ways of…

Applying Method to Madness: A User’s Guide to Causal Inference in Policy Analysis

Applying Method to Madness: A User’s Guide to Causal Inference in Policy Analysis

Jessica Blankshain and Andrew Stigler attempt to make the analytical tools frequently used in social science research more “user friendly” by explaining what it means to investigate causality. By providing a reader's guide to social science and policy…

Economic Might, National Security, and the Future of American Statecraft

Economic Might, National Security, and the Future of American Statecraft

Given the many significant challenges America faces today — including high levels of debt, political discord, the rise of China, and the emergence of Asian economies as the drivers of global growth — what is the country's plan for preserving its…

One War Is Not Enough: Strategy and Force Planning for Great-Power Competition

One War Is Not Enough: Strategy and Force Planning for Great-Power Competition

What are the implications of the Department of Defense's adoption of a one-war standard that is focused on defeating a great-power rival? Hal Brands and Evan Braden Montgomery discuss the gap between America's global commitments and the military challenges it…

Coercion Theory: A Basic Introduction for Practitioners

Coercion Theory: A Basic Introduction for Practitioners

While coercion theory may be well understood in the academy, it is less well understood by practitioners, especially in the military. This can cause difficulties in civil-military communications and cause problems for national strategy and military outcomes.…

What Went Wrong? U.S.-China Relations from Tiananmen to Trump

What Went Wrong? U.S.-China Relations from Tiananmen to Trump

James Steinberg looks back at the relationship between the United States and China over the last 30 years and asks whether a better outcome could have been produced had different decisions been made.

Sense and Indispensability: American Leadership in an Age of Uncertainty

Sense and Indispensability: American Leadership in an Age of Uncertainty

Former ambassador to Sweden, Azita Raji, proposes a way forward for a renewed and sustainable American foreign policy. This would require a re-examination of America's interests, institutional reforms, and a revival of American ideals. To wit: reflection,…